The Strategies Used by an Animal to Survive in its Environment
Every species has an impressive and unique way of living on our planet. Some animals can swim, some can fly, and others can do both. Some animals move very slowly and others incredibly fast. Some live in water while others live in air. How the animals look and behave determines how they live, forage for food, attract mates, build their shelter, and defend themselves from the elements and predators. They have special features that help them survive.
Students will explore the special features of a number of different animals through a series of demonstrations and activities.
- Compare and contrast human features with other the features of other animals.
- Compare the structures and behaviours of animals in different habitats.
- Assess survival needs and interactions between animals and the environment.
Individual animals may have features that make it easier for them to survive, find food and shelter, and reproduce in their particular surroundings. Ecology is the science that examines the relationships between living things and their surroundings. Their surroundings make up their habitat and include biotic factors (plants and animals) and abiotic factors (weather, light, water, and soil).
Competition between animals happens when something (often food or shelter) is limited. Having special features mean that animals can live in different places or find different foods. This specialization can be obvious, found in the appearance of the animal, or it could be 'under the skin'. Specializations that aren't obvious to the eye are often because that animal lives in a unique habitat, like the ability to take oxygen out of the water to breathe.
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